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Untitled Document

English - Ma'ariful Qur'an - Mufti Shafi Usmani RA - Vol - 8
Surah Al-Hujurât - 49 : Verses 1 - 5

Pages for Current Surah - Verse/s :-

- Verses 1 - 5: Translation and Commentary: -

- Background of Revelation
- Respect for Islamic Scholars and Religious Leaders
- It is Prohibited to Greet and Speak Aloud in Front of the Holy Prophet's (Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam) Mausoleum
- Ruling
- The Apartments of the Mothers of the Faithful
- Occasion of Revelation
- Additional Notes
- Ruling

Surah Al-Hujurat

(The Apartments)

Surah Al-Hujurat was revealed in Madinah. It has 18 Verses and 2 Sections.

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem

With the name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Very-Merciful

Verses 1 - 5

O those who believe, do not proceed ahead of Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah. Surely Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. [1] O those who believe, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet, and be not loud when speaking to him, as you are loud when speaking to one another, lest your good deeds become void while you are not aware. [2] Surely, those who lower their voices before Allah's Messenger are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for piety; for them there is forgiveness, and a great reward. [3] As for those who call you from behind the apartments, most of them lack understanding. [4] Had they remained patient until you come out to the, it would have been much better for them. And Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful. [5]

Background of Revelation

According to Qurtubi, there are six narratives cited as the background of revelation of these verses. Qadi Abu Bakr Ibn 'Arabi confirms that all the narratives are correct, because they all are included in the general meaning of the verses. One of the narratives, reported by Bukhari, is that once some people from the tribe of Tamim came to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam: Peace be upon him. During their stay, one of the issues under discussion was to appoint someone as a ruler of this tribe. Sayyidna Abu Bakr Radhi-Allahu Anh: Allah be pleased with him suggested the name of Qa'qa' Ibn Ma'bad, while Sayyidna 'Umar Radhi-Allahu Anh: Allah be pleased with him proposed the name of Aqra' Ibn Habis. Both of them discussed the issue for a while during which the voices of both became loud. These verses were revealed in this background.

(...do not proceed ahead of Allah and His Messenger - 49:1) The phrase baynal yadayni, literally, means "between the two • hands", but in Arabic usage it means 'in front of or 'ahead of. It means: do not go ahead of or in front of Allah's Messenger. The Qur'an does not say in what matter they are prohibited from preceding him. It would appear that the general prohibition includes preceding by word or deed. Wait for the Messenger's reply unless he himself appoints someone to reply. Likewise if he is walking, no one should overtake him. If they are sitting in a dining session, no one should start eating before him. If there is a clear indication or strong evidence that he himself wants to send someone forward, this would be possible, for example some people used to be asked to go on a journey or war ahead of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam: Peace be upon him.

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